The Temperament of the child – Development and parenting – Parents – articles Directory
Select the description that most closely matches the behavior of your child.
1. As usual your little one responds to the comments of the parents (or teachers)?
A. Promises, swears that this is the last time, but soon again does the same thing.
B. is Angry, resentful and eventually go his own way.
V. Quietly pleads guilty.
G. Offended, upset, crying.
2. As your child enters situations that require quick and decisive action?
A. It instantly covers the excitement.
B. Acts fast and vigorously.
V. behaves calmly and intently.
G. Acts hesitantly, timidly.
3. What behavioral line child adheres to a dispute with their peers?
A. makes its points, but it tries to take into account the opinions of others.
B. Excited, get angry, no one wants to listen.
V. Says confidently, without much emotion, consistent in the presentation of his thoughts.
G. behaves very hesitantly.
4. How your child behaves, being in an unfamiliar environment, a new place (e.g., in a doctor’s office).
A. Quickly adapts to new circumstances, behaves animatedly, showing interest in his surroundings.
B. Quickly excited, sometimes nervous.
V. Quietly eyeing an unusual situation.
G. Shy, shy, indecisive, bound.
Conclusions: the Prevalence of variants “A” indicates that the temperament of your child is close to the sanguine type. If answers more options “B”, most likely, your child is hot-headed. If you choose at least two options “B” or “G”, then your child or phlegmatic (“In”) or melancholic (“G”).
Depending on the temperament of your child, you can predict that he will be given with difficulty, and he will not experience difficulties in school. So, sanguine, most likely, will be more willing to go to the Board and to pull your hand in class, while the melancholic will gladly sit in the back row, and choleric, and does will pray that they did not cause.
Attentive parents, identifying the type of temperament your child can with the help of special exercises, practice in clubs or sports clubs to help their children to develop habits and skills: choleric develop perseverance and restraint, phlegmatic — mobility, melancholic — confidence, sanguine — adequate self-esteem.
For the phlegmatic is characterized by a low level of activity, they are characterized by slowness, expressionless facial expressions, lethargy speech. Children phlegmatic is very difficult to switch from one activity to another, to adapt to the new environment. They like to repeatedly read an interesting paragraph, they are happy during the month will be listening to the same tale. In school, these guys usually have time on any one subject. The phlegmatic is usually formed quite a stubborn character, he likes to do in detail, overcoming all obstacles. He unties the knot for a long time, but definitely will unleash. New knowledge or skills are phlegmatic with difficulty, but remain for a long time.
There are methods of training phlegmatic to work quickly, and then helping him to adapt to society. To phlegmatic could control himself, it is necessary to limit it in time, for example, to perform a task to the beginning of his interest television programs. At the Desk, nothing should distract the attention of the phlegmatic. Try to offer the child new activities.
A very positive effect on child-phlegmatic sports and various extracurricular activities, where there is a speed competition — it can be swimming, running, skiing. Such training will teach him to concentrate energy and focus on the Essentials, gathering strength.
A NOTE TO PARENTS
The child may be slow for several reasons. Some children do it slowly, because I can’t concentrate . This problem most often occurs in future first-graders. It is connected with the fact that the child is not well developed voluntary attention (the ability willpower to focus on the uninteresting case). In this case, it is necessary to motivate the child to perform any activity, to explain why it should be done.
The exercise on the development of voluntary attention. Give your child a sheet of paper, colored pencils and have them draw in a series of ten triangles. When this work is completed, tell the child about the need to be careful, because the statement is uttered only once: “Be careful, red pencil shading third, seventh and ninth triangles”. If the child asks again, you need to answer: “Do as he understood it.” If he coped with the first task, you can continue to work, gradually complicating the task.
Some child phlegmatic doing it slowly because I’m afraid to make a mistake . This is due to the anxiety and self-doubt. As a rule, anxious children are afraid or parents, or teachers, or peers, or all of them. Sometimes a child is afraid to make mistakes because he is being punished. He rereads the job, and when you write something or decide, again and again all the checks.
Often confusion the child may be related to the fact that it is concerned about some important problem . Talk to the kid, try to find out what’s on his mind. Sometimes the problem may lie on the surface, for example, the baby is hungry, or cold, or pain. Agree, hard to think about school, if a stomach ache.
Child-sanguine fast, instantly focus. Its elements — speed, swift and sharp turns. Work is burning in his hands. Sanguine thinks and talks fast, he’s a wit and not at a loss of words. It’s a leader, friendly, cheerful child, who is not afraid of difficulties and easy experiencing failure. It flows seamlessly into any team and adapt to unfamiliar surroundings. Likes to deal with multiple cases. The reverse side of a sanguine nature, about which parents should remember, is its levity and inconstancy.
Shy (baby nanny)
Melancholic is a gentle and obedient child. Melancholic shy, timid, indecisive. Often these guys hard in the team. They cannot stand against injustice, often fall under foreign influence. Homework these children are always performed well and accurately, but at the Board they are lost. Children often melancholic locked in yourself, strive to be in the “shadow”. Often “fixated” on failures, is very sensitive to negative evaluation, and the punishment is perceived as a real tragedy. Melancholic children are very suspicious, often worry over trifles. The new, especially conflict, the situations they get lost and are working well below their capabilities. Any activity for melancholic — work, from which he quickly tired.
Melancholic is well suited activities related to artistic creation, precise mechanics, art. Choose a sport that does not require much nervous tension (running, Cycling).