The Pedagogical assistance to parents in preparing children for school education
The school recently underwent a major transformation, introduced new programs, changed its structure. Increasingly high demands are placed on children entering the first grade. Development in the school of alternative techniques can be used to teach children in a more intensive program.
The most important task of early childhood education is the comprehensive development of the personality of the child and prepare him for school. High demands of life to the organization of education and training intensify the search for new and more effective psychological and pedagogical approaches aimed at bringing teaching methods in accordance with the requirements of life.
In this context, the readiness of children to training at school is of particular importance. Her decision is the determination of the purposes and principles of the organization of training and education in preschool institutions. At the same time from its solution depends the success of later learning in school.
The readiness of children for school is determined by its General intellectual and psycho-pedagogical training. Psychological readiness for school occurs in children, not in itself, but is formed gradually and requires faithful-teaching guide, that is specially organized school with your child. An examination of this issue is the subject of my essay on age pedagogy.
1. Psychological and physiological readiness for schooling.
Preparing children for school is a multi — faceted task that covers all areas of a child’s life. One of the most important aspects of it is psychological readiness for school. Within this aspect there are three main approaches to this problem.
The first approach can be referred all the researches directed on formation at preschool children of certain abilities and skills necessary for learning in school. It was found that children 5-6 years have significantly larger intellectual, physical, and mental capabilities that allows you to move part of the first class in the preparatory group of the kindergarten. Children at this age can successfully teach the principles of mathematics and literacy, thus greatly improving the preparation of school learning.
The second approach is that a child entering school must be a certain level of cognitive interests, willingness to change, willingness to learn. The combination of these properties and is psychological readiness for school.
The essence of the third approach is to investigate the origin of the individual components of the training activities and to identify ways of creating them specially organized training sessions. Studies have shown that children undergoing pilot training (drawing, modeling, application, modeling, etc.), formed of different elements of learning activity, i.e. psychological readiness for school.
About coming to school we do not say that he prepared the student we’re talking about ready for a new life at school. What’s is the lack of preparation for schooling?
1. Unprepared for school, the child can not concentrate in class, often distracted, can not be included in the common mode of operation class;
2. Weak development of coherent speech and mental abilities, inability to ask questions, to compare objects, highlight the main;
3. Few initiatives, the tendency to stereotyped actions and decisions, difficulties in communicating with adults and peers about academic tasks.
The reasons for unpreparedness to schooling can be divided into two groups: organic (deviations in physical and psychological development of the child) and educational associated with ineffective tactics pedagogical approach to children in early school age.
2. Preparation preschooler to school in the family.
Psychological preparation of children for school in the family is absolutely essential. There are the following conditions of full mental development of children and preparation for educational work:
The main requirement is the continuous cooperation of the child with other family members.
Following the successful education and development is to develop the child’s ability to overcome difficulties. It is important to teach children started to finish. Many parents understand the importance of the child’s desire to learn, so they tell the child about school, about teachers and about the knowledge acquired at school. All this is the desire to learn, creates a positive attitude towards school. Next you need to prepare a preschooler for the inevitable difficulties in learning. The consciousness of preodolevshih these difficulties helps the child to properly treat their possible failures.
Parents must understand that the main value in preparing children for school has its own activities. Therefore, their role in the preparation preschooler to schooling should not be limited to verbal instructions; adults need to lead, encourage, organize activities, games, feasible work of the child.
Another essential requirement of preparing for school and all-round development of the child (physical, mental, moral) — experience of success. Adults need to create a child such conditions of activity in which he will meet with success. But success must be real, and the praise is well-deserved.
Of particular importance in the psychological development of the child is the enrichment of the emotional-volitional sphere, the education of the senses, the ability to navigate in their behavior on others. The growth of self-awareness most pronounced in self-esteem, as the child begins to assess their achievements and failures, focusing on how along with its other behavior. This is one of the indicators of psychological readiness for school. On the basis of correct self-assessment produced an adequate response to criticism and approval.
The formation of cognitive interests, enrichment activities, and emotional-volitional sphere are preconditions for a successful learning of preschool children with certain knowledge, abilities, skills. In turn, the development of perception, thinking, memory depends on how the child owns the means of obtaining knowledge and guidance, from the direction of his interests, self-controlled behavior, i.e. willpower.
In preparation for the school, parents teach the child to compare, compare, draw conclusions and generalizations. To do this, the preschooler should learn to listen to the book, the story is adult, correctly and consistently Express their thoughts correctly construct sentences.
Parents should remember that the need of the child that was read to him, even if he has learned to read, must be satisfied. After reading, it is important to figure out what and how to understand the child. It teaches the child to read analyze the essence, to raise a moral child, but in addition, teaches coherent, consistent speech enshrined in the dictionary of new words. After all, the better the child’s speech, the more successful it will be in school. Also in the speech of children the example of parents is of great importance. Thus, as a result of the efforts of parents, with their help the child learn to speak properly, and so he is ready to master reading, writing in school.
The child entering school should be developed at the appropriate level of aesthetic taste, and here the key role of family. Aesthetic taste is evolving and in the process attract the attention of a preschooler to the phenomena of everyday life, to objects, surrounded by life.
The level of development of the game largely depends on the development of thinking and speech. The game is evolving process of substitution, and with whom the child will meet at the school in the study of mathematics, language. The child playing is learning