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Features the development of logical thinking in children of preschool age

 

1. Features of the development of logical thinking in children of preschool age 5

1.1. Thinking as a mental process 5

1.2. Thinking preschooler 20

2. Experimental study of the development of logical thinking preschoolers 23

2.1 study of the level of development of logical thinking 23

Conclusion 27

References 28

The development of logic and thinking is an integral part of the harmonious development of the child and its successful preparation for school. Children at preschool age are faced with a variety of shapes, colors and other items, in particular toys and household items. And of course, every child, even without special training their abilities, anyway, take all of this. However, if the absorption occurs spontaneously, it is often superficial and defective. Therefore, it is better that the process of development of creative abilities were done deliberately.

Logical thinking is based on the imagery and is the highest stage of development I child thinking. Reaching this stage is a long and complex process, as the development of logical thinking requires not only high activity mental activity, but the total knowledge about the General and essential features of objects and phenomena of reality, which is embodied in the words.

Approximately 14 years thinking the child acquires the features of mental activity of adults. However, to begin the development of logical thinking should in the preschool years. For example, in 5-7 years the child is able to learn at the elementary level such methods of logical thinking, comparison, generalization, classification, classification and semantic mapping.

The purpose of the study.

To study the characteristics of logical thinking in children of preschool age.

The object of study.

Thinking of preschool children.

The subject of the research.

Logical thinking preschoolers.

Hypothesis.

There is a specific logical thinking in children of preschool age.

Task.

1. The analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature on the research problem.

2. To identify the level of development of children’s logical thinking.

Methodological and theoretical basis of the study.

The theory of stages of intellectual development Jean piaget. The theory of mental development of the child L. S. Vygotsky. Activity approach A. N. Leontiev.

Research methods:

1. The theoretical analysis.

2. Diagnosis.

3. The conversation with children.

4. Observation of children.

Practical significance of the research.

The results of the study can be useful in areas where there is direct work with children of senior preschool age in PRESCHOOL, in art studios.

Theoretical review of the data obtained in the course of practical research and recommendations will help to understand the problem, organize the work in this direction.

In modern training programs elementary school attaches importance to a logical component. The development of logical thinking of the child implies the creation of the logical techniques of mental activity, as well as the ability to understand and to trace the causal connection of phenomena and skills to build simple inferences based on cause-and-effect connection.

The development of logic and thinking is an integral part of the harmonious development of the child and its successful preparation for school. Children at preschool age are faced with a variety of shapes, colors and other items, in particular toys and household items. And of course, every child, even without special training their abilities, anyway, take all of this. However, if the absorption occurs spontaneously, it is often superficial and defective. Therefore, it is better that the process of development of creative abilities were done deliberately.

As a result of research we have found that logical thinking in children of preschool age in the first phase of the experiment was weak. The children found it difficult to summarize and analysis, it was difficult to group the objects and build a logical chain. Therefore there is a need to develop a series of training sessions solving arithmetic problems contributing to the development of logical thinking.